Defender, 2024

Unique ctype hand prints, hoisted with steel

, 2024

B/w silver gelatin prints made on expired Kodak paper, metal sculpture

In awe of Joesph Hoefnagel (a Dragonfly portrait), 2024

found dead dragonfly sandwiched between two black and white negatives, metal sculpture

Grey-headed flying fox colony, Burdekin Park, Singleton, NSW Australia, 2011 - 2024

112 b/w silver gelatin prints on expired Kodak bromide paper, taped together with restoration tape

Ibis congregation, Western Sydney, NSW, Australia, 2022 - 2024 

104 b/w silver gelatin prints on expired Agfa paper, taped together with restoration tape

FlyCatcher, 2024
Unique ctype hand prints mounted on aluminium, steel brace
Installation view, Aeterna, a bi-personal exhibition with Lorena Florio, at Mucho Mas! Turin, Italy


…Once they begin attaching themselves, they develop green pupae on their belly. They protect themselves with sharp hair as hard as iron wire, and use this defense mechanism to detract larger mammals and birds. They hardly breed or pollinate, and are colonial organisms that predate when connected… Stationary camouflaging in their nests, they are commonly mistaken for prey when dislodged or separated in motion; lifted to flail in harsh wind or be run over by vehicles...

Pest or friend connects with organisms that are emblems of the urban environment.

In being highly versatile and adaptable, animals considered to be pests are examples of animal success. Associated previously with disease and filth, aviators such as pigeons and flies have learnt to navigate poor social systems of housing, infrastructure collapse and feeding on human waste. Every species have natural ‘enemies’ that prevent others from multiplying in uncontrolled numbers.

The adaptation methods of city dwelling creatures largely develop because of the declining availability and diversity in natural habitats, shifting closer and closer towards city life.

As the ‘pest’ boom continues to rise in cities across the world, the Global Pest Control Market takes it head on, thriving with new challenges of products and solutions. What is making these critters bloom? Relentless ecological change poses new co-dependencies, and is a reminder of the intricate symbiosis, between humans, creatures and the environments they share.

Merging as companion species to the two floor ‘colonies’ of this work, metal formations are examples of pest condemnation. Photographed in habitats of refuge; the White Australian Ibis bird in an inner city Wetland, and the grey headed flying fox in a park of Singleton, NSW, are two native species examined for their vulnerability and exceptional adaptability. Printed in multitude with found packs of expired  photographic paper, details and zoom ins from single b/w negatives have been scrutinised. With each print being taped together, a retoration in habitat poses here as form; designed and dislocated, stunted in function.

Pest or friend was developed and supported by the the PM and MM! Open Call, a curatorial collaboration between Mucho Mas! and Pellicola magazine. The work is currently being exhibited as part of Aeterna, at Mucho Mas!, Torino, until the 21st of April, 2024.

A big thank you to Wojciech Kawczyk, Matilde Gusmeroli, Artful Dodgers Imaging, Dot Imaging and North London Darkroom for helping facilitate the development of this work.