Defender, 2024

Unique ctype hand prints, hoisted with steel

, 2024

B/w silver gelatin prints made on expired Kodak paper, metal sculpture

In awe of Joesph Hoefnagel (a Dragonfly portrait), 2024

found dead dragonfly sandwiched between two black and white negatives, metal sculpture



Grey-headed flying fox colony, Burdekin Park, Singleton, NSW Australia, 2011 - 2024

112 b/w silver gelatin prints on expired Kodak bromide paper, taped together with restoration tape

Ibis congregation, Western Sydney, NSW

104 b/w silver gelatin prints on expired Agfa paper, taped together with restoration tape

FlyCatcher, 2024
Unique ctype hand prints mounted on aluminium, steel brace
Installation view, Aeterna, a bi-personal exhibition with Lorena Florio, Mucho Mas! Turin, Italy


Pest or friend connects with organisms that are emblems of the urban environment.

In being highly versatile and adaptable, animals considered to be pests are examples of animal success. Previously associated with disease and filth, aviators such as pigeons and flies have learnt to navigate poor social systems of housing, infrastructure collapse and can thrive feeding on human waste.  

The adaptation methods of city dwelling creatures largely develop because of the declining availability and diversity in natural habitats, shifting closer and closer towards city life. With the ‘pest’ boom continuing to rise in cities across the world, the Global Pest Control Market takes it head on, thriving with new challenges of products and solutions.

What is making these critters bloom? Relentless ecological change poses new co-dependencies, and is a reminder of the intricate symbiosis, between humans, creatures and the environments they share.

Merging as companion species to the two floor ‘colonies’ of Pest or friend, hung metal formations are examples of pest condemnation. Photographed in habitats of refuge; the White Australian Ibis bird in an inner city Wetland, and the grey headed flying fox in a park of Singleton, NSW, are two native species examined for their vulnerability and exceptional adaptability. Printed in multitude with found packs of expired  photographic paper, details and zoom ins from single b/w negatives have been scrutinised. With each print being taped together, a restoration in habitat poses here as form; designed and dislocated, stunted in function.

Pest or friend was developed and supported by the the PM and MM! Open Call, a curatorial collaboration between Mucho Mas! and Pellicola magazine. The work is was exhibited as part of Aeterna, at Mucho Mas!, Turin, 2024.

A big thank you to Wojciech Kawczyk, Silvia Mangosio, Luca Vianello, Matilde Gusmeroli, Artful Dodgers Imaging, Dot Imaging, North London Darkroom and Arts Council England, for facilitating the development of this work.